Without documents, they could not be employed, educated, treated in hospitals, travel outside of the country, or vote, among other hardships. [156] On 11 August 2010 it became known that the court sentence was 20 years imprisonment for each of the seven prisoners[157] which was later reduced to ten years. Humanity is seen as essentially one, though highly varied; its diversity of race and culture are seen as worthy of appreciation and acceptance. [e], At local, regional, and national levels, Baháʼís elect members to nine-person Spiritual Assemblies, which run the affairs of the religion. [27], The following principles are frequently listed as a quick summary of the Baháʼí teachings. [90] Baháʼí sources since 1991 usually estimate the worldwide Baháʼí population to be above 5 million. [108] There are, however, occasions when a Baháʼí might be administratively expelled from the community for a public disregard of the laws, or gross immorality. According to the Baháʼí teachings, God is single and all-powerful. The star is often portrayed in … The Bahá’í Faith is an independent world religion. [28][29], Baháʼí teachings state that God is too great for humans to fully comprehend, or to create a complete and accurate image of by themselves. [132] In recent years, an Office of the Environment and an Office for the Advancement of Women were established as part of its United Nations Office. ↑ 38.0 38.1 Universal House of Justice. [110], The purpose of marriage in the Baháʼí faith is mainly to foster spiritual harmony, fellowship and unity between a man and a woman and to provide a stable and loving environment for the rearing of children. It is the world’s second-most widespread religion after Christianity, spanning the globe and working to unite it. For the establishment of a lasting peace (The Most Great Peace) and the purging of the "overwhelming Corruptions" it is necessary that all the people of the world universally unite under a universal Faith. Aside from these countries, numbers vary greatly. Founded in Iran in 1844, it now has more than five million adherents in 236 countries and territories. [27] Specific religious social teachings (for example, the direction of prayer, or dietary restrictions) may be revoked by a subsequent manifestation so that a more appropriate requirement for the time and place may be established. [27] The Báb's tomb, located in Haifa, Israel, is an important place of pilgrimage for Baháʼís. [23] Three principles are central to these teachings: the unity of God, the unity of religion, and the unity of humanity. Baháʼí teachings state that the attributes applied to God are used to translate Godliness into human terms and to help people concentrate on their own attributes in worshipping God to develop their potentialities on their spiritual path. The chairman of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom said that it seems that the government has already predetermined the outcome of the case and is violating international human rights law. He spent less than four months in Constantinople. The Baha'i Faith 1957-1988: A Survey of Contemporary Developments. The five-pointed star is the official symbol of the Baháʼí Faith,[123][124] known as the Haykal ("temple"). CBSE 10th & 12th Board Exam Date Sheet 2021: Release Date, Time & New Updates! All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. The year consists of 19 months, each having 19 days, with four or five intercalary days, to make a full solar year. [27], Most Baháʼí meetings occur in individuals' homes, local Baháʼí centers, or rented facilities. [38][39] Baháʼís describe their faith as an independent world religion, differing from the other traditions in its relative age and in the appropriateness of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings to the modern context. After he died, people followed `Abdu'l-Bahá. Beyond this lay the difficulty which the regime faced in harnessing the nationalist movement that had supported Musaddiq. (, Hvithamar, Warburg & Warmind, eds. The Bahá'í New Year corresponds to the traditional Persian New Year, called Naw Rúz, and occurs on the vernal... 3. Obedience to government and non-involvement in partisan politics. He is forced to leave Baghdad for Constantinople, then Adrianople, Baháʼu'lláh is forced into harsher confinement in ʻAkká, in present-day Israel, His Will appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as successor, His Will appointed Shoghi Effendi as Guardian, The Universal House of Justice is first elected. "[94] This source's only systematic flaw was to consistently have a higher estimate of Christians than other cross-national data sets. Baháʼu'lláh taught that religion is revealed in an orderly and progressive way by Manifestations of God, who are the founders of major world religions throughout history; Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad are noted as the most recent of these before the Báb and Baháʼu'lláh. Since the Bahá'í Faith's birth, it has faced resistance and persecution from Iran. [96] Baháʼí cemeteries have been desecrated and property has been seized and occasionally demolished, including the House of Mírzá Buzurg, Baháʼu'lláh's father. Currently, no country has a Baháʼí majority.[105]. CBSE Class 12 Date Sheet 2021: CBSE Time Table 2021 for Class 12 (Science, Commerce, Arts), TNSCB भर्ती 2021: 53 ऑफिस असिस्टेंट पदों की वेकेंसी के लिए tnscb.org पर करें आवेदन, CBSE Class 9 Date Sheet 2021: Time Table for CBSE Class 9 & Important Resources, IBPS RRB PO Mains Admit Card 2020-21 Out @ibps.in, Download CRP IBPS IX Officer Scale 1 Mains Call Letter, UPSC IAS Prelims 2021: Important Questions on Environment - Topic 2 (Pollution). Religion 19: pp. Adherence to ritual is discouraged, with the notable exception of the obligatory prayers. Bahá’í devotional gatherings, worship services, informational meetings, children’s classes, and celebrations are all open to the public. Mírzá Husayn ʻAlí Núrí was one of the early followers of the Báb, and later took the title of Baháʼu'lláh. In May 2018, the Iranian authorities expelled a young woman student from university of Isfahan because she was Baháʼí. "We have used Bahaʼi Faith most frequently (rather than Bahaʼism) as this is the more commonly used name for the religion". The Baha’i belief is a monotheistic which emphasizes the spirituality of all mankind. The symbols of the religion are derived from the Arabic word Bahá’ which means "splendour" or "glory", with a numerical value of 9, which is why the most common symbol is the nine-pointed star. [10] ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's death in 1921 marks the end of what Baháʼís call the "heroic age" of the religion. 1. Baháʼu'lláh's Kitáb-i-Aqdas and The Will and Testament of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá are foundational documents of the Baháʼí administrative order. There are three core principles: Unity of God; Unity of religion; and Unity of humanity. As the anti-Shah movement gained ground and support, revolutionary propaganda was spread which alleged that some of the Shah's advisors were Baháʼís. [11] Additionally, Baháʼís have self-organized in most of the nations of the world. Shoghi Effendi, the head of the religion from 1921 to 1957, wrote the following summary of what he considered to be the distinguishing principles of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings, which, he said, together with the laws and ordinances of the Kitáb-i-Aqdas constitute the bedrock of the Baháʼí Faith: The independent search after truth, unfettered by superstition or tradition; the oneness of the entire human race, the pivotal principle and fundamental doctrine of the Faith; the basic unity of all religions; the condemnation of all forms of prejudice, whether religious, racial, class or national; the harmony which must exist between religion and science; the equality of men and women, the two wings on which the bird of human kind is able to soar; the introduction of compulsory education; the adoption of a universal auxiliary language; the abolition of the extremes of wealth and poverty; the institution of a world tribunal for the adjudication of disputes between nations; the exaltation of work, performed in the spirit of service, to the rank of worship; the glorification of justice as the ruling principle in human society, and of religion as a bulwark for the protection of all peoples and nations; and the establishment of a permanent and universal peace as the supreme goal of all mankind—these stand out as the essential elements [which Baháʼu'lláh proclaimed]. 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